Content Streams

Content streams are bulk data passed with a request to Solr.

When Solr RequestHandlers are accessed using path based URLs, the SolrQueryRequest object containing the parameters of the request may also contain a list of ContentStreams containing bulk data for the request. (The name SolrQueryRequest is a bit misleading: it is involved in all requests, regardless of whether it is a query request or an update request.)

Stream Sources

Currently request handlers can get content streams in a variety of ways:

  • For multipart file uploads, each file is passed as a stream.

  • For POST requests where the content-type is not application/x-www-form-urlencoded, the raw POST body is passed as a stream. The full POST body is parsed as parameters and included in the Solr parameters.

  • The contents of parameter stream.body is passed as a stream.

  • If remote streaming is enabled and URL content is called for during request handling, the contents of each stream.url and stream.file parameters are fetched and passed as a stream.

By default, curl sends a contentType="application/x-www-form-urlencoded" header. If you need to test a SolrContentHeader content stream, you will need to set the content type with curl’s -H flag.


Remote streaming lets you send the contents of a URL as a stream to a given SolrRequestHandler. You could use remote streaming to send a remote or local file to an update plugin.

For convenience, remote streaming is enabled in most of the example solrconfig.xml files included with Solr, however it is not recommended in a production situation without additional security between you and untrusted remote clients.

    <!-- *** WARNING ***
         The settings below authorize Solr to fetch remote files, You
         should make sure your system has some authentication before
         using enableRemoteStreaming="true"
    <requestParsers enableRemoteStreaming="true" />

The default behavior, when enableRemoteStreaming is not specified in solrconfig.xml is to not allow remote streaming (i.e., enableRemoteStreaming="false").

If you enableRemoteStreaming="true" is used, be aware that this allows anyone to send a request to any URL or local file. If DumpRequestHandler is enabled, it will allow anyone to view any file on your system.

Debugging Requests

The implicit "dump" RequestHandler (see Implicit RequestHandlers) simply outputs the contents of the SolrQueryRequest using the specified writer type wt. This is a useful tool to help understand what streams are available to the RequestHandlers.